Enea Cavalieri

(Ferrara 1848 - Roma 1929)

Jurist and traveller, he was attentive to the dynamics and problems of the agricultural world and its workers (he called himself a liberal-social), in addition to promoter of the cooperative model. It was especially in his interest the application of cooperative logic to the agricultural world (joint purchase of materials by farmers, organisational forms, etc..)

His trips allowed him to appreciate the value of associative experiences in different contexts and to bring this know-how within Italian institutions such as the Ministry of agriculture, industry and commerce and the agricultural Council. In 1889 together with Luigi Luzzatti, Maggiorino Ferraris and Felice Mangili,he founded ”Credito e cooperazione”, a magazine of which he was the director from 1891 until 1893.

In 1892, on the initiative of Cavalieri, the Italian Federation of agricultural consortia was founded in Piacenza and he became its president until 1906; an organisation open to all existing agricultural institutions and to individual members, with the main purpose of buying and selling on behalf of the associates everything that was needed for agriculture and agricultural products.

Considered among the leading experts on cooperative organisation issues, he had with Lorenzo Ponti the task of drawing up the constitution of the national League of Italian cooperative societies. The participation in WWI, the difficulties that the country was facing after the war and eventually the arrival of fascism brought about the end of his activities and political collaborations.

His writings include:

Relazione della Commissione incaricata di ricercare le cause della pellagra e di proporre i mezzi valevoli a togliere o almeno a limitare l’espandersi della malattia, Ferrara, 1885;

Delle relazioni dei Consorzi agrari con le Banche popolari e dei felici esperimenti fatti a Parma, Piacenza, Padova e altrove, 1895;

La Federazione italiana dei consorzi agrari. Cenni per la giuria e pei visitatori dell’esposizione di Torino, 1898;

Le cooperative di produzione e lavoro nelle Romagne, 1889 - questo breve saggio si trova nel volume di Walter Briganti, Il Movimento cooperativo in Italia 1854-1925, pp.96-119

Le origini dei consorzi agrari e della loro Federazione,1905.

Further readings:
• M. Fatica, Cavalieri Enea, in Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol XXIII, Roma, 1979.
• Treccani, CAVALIERI, Enea in "Dizionario Biografico"